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Environmental challenges such as land degradation, climate change and loss of biodiversity are steadily growing globally. In order to address these challenges and achieve long term sustainability, a holistic and interdisciplinary approach such as Landcare needs to be adopted worldwide.

Landcare in Uganda through the African Grassroots Innovation for Environment (AGILE) is stimulating collective action in NRM. Lessons learned provided a vantage training platform for partners interested in multi-stakeholder initiatives.

The Southern Africa Masterclass was held over 6 days between 14th to 19th July, 2013 to strengthen potential and existing Landcare networks in the Southern Africa region.

In Rwanda, soil conservation is a challenge due to the steep typography and soils susceptible to erosion. During the colonial period, measures taken to control erosion included the use of Napier (Pennisetum perpereum) combined with trenches.

This study describes research approaches for maximizing gain and adoption of knowledge in the field of natural resources. Specifically, it examined the concept of participatory research, devised ways of creating the conditions required for local initiative and involvement, and investigated the opportunities for developing research partnerships.

For as long as people have managed natural resources, they have engaged in collective action. But development assistance has paid too little attention to how social and human capital affects environmental outcomes.

Landcare is a specific form of Community-Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) that is expanding across the world. Although Landcare is widely understood to have originated in Australia in the late 1980s, a similar concept, Landschaftspflege, developed in Germany much earlier, with Landschaftspflegeverbande, or ‘Landcare Groups’, having been established around the same time.

Recent concerns over a crisis of identity and legitimacy in Community-Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) have emerged following several decades of documented failure. A substantial literature has developed on the reasons for failure in CBNRM.

The Landcare approach was first piloted in Masaka District where stakeholders involved in agricultural production, natural resources management and community development formed the Masaka District Landcare Chapter (MADLACC) in late 2009.

An insidious disease, not always apparent even to the trained eye, is threatening to kill Australia. This disease is invading the continent’s environmental, economic and social fabric on a scale unimaginable just a few decades ago. Australia will probably never be able to afford the funds to effect a complete recovery.

Histories of eras and empires rarely mention land and water degradation, but natural resource deterioration has occurred over the millennia, especially when cropping, grazing and forest utilization intensify and the climate changes, as has been the case over the last century.

The Nigeria Landcare Initiative started in 2008 after Nkanta, the Nigeria Landcare Representative, returned from World Overview of Conservation Approaches and Technologies (WOCAT) International Workshop and Steering Meeting held in the Philippines in 2007.

Soil erosion is a significant threat to Asia’s productivity and prosperity. Caused by a combination of steep slopes, highly erodible soils, heavy rainfall, forest clearing and intensive cropping practices, it significantly reduces farm productivity and adversely affects water quality and storage, marine resources and biodiversity.

Bipartisan political support, peak conservation and farmer group endorsement, community awareness and participation, and a national marketing and awareness campaign are the four ‘pillars’ integral to the success of Landcare in implementing change to more sustainable natural resource use.

With an increasing focus on people-centered approaches to integrated landscape management (Sayer et al., 2013), there is demand for models that strike a social-ecological balance to engage disconnected communities and to support strengthens institutional arrangements.

The idea of Landcare associations first came into existence in Central Franconia in 1986. From there it spread into further parts of Bavaria, into Hesse and Thuringia and then into the other federal states. Especially in the new eastern federal states numerous Landcare associations have been founded since 1990.

Linking Landcare with: climate, biodiversity, water, food security, poverty reduction, human well-being and peace.

The Kenya Landcare Network (KLN) was formed in 2005 after various exposure and capacity building visits and training. KLN aims to initiate, spearhead and coordinate Landcare activities in Kenya and draws its membership from various institutions and organizations with a diverse range of resources and expertise.

During the last two decades there has been a gradual shift to more participatory strategies, community involvement, and ecosystem management for multiple benefits. These changes have greatly increased community involvement in projects, stimulated conservation awareness and improved land use.

The Landcare movement in Australia has made major contributions in mobilizing rural grassroots effort to protect and regenerate the country’s land resources.

This proposal aims to establish a foundation Landcare project in Indonesia. It will build on the work already completed by the Institute for Forest and Environment (INFRONT) and implement a sustainable agro-silvo-pastoral (ASP) model within the framework of landcare to address the problems of land degradation, poverty and climate change.

The Merapi Landcare project was funded by Finland’s Local Cooperation Fund in November 2009. The project is a rural community development model but strongly premised on a high level of ownership of the project by the people on the ground: a bottom-up approach with strategic interventions and support selected in collaboration with the local working groups and community members.

This paper reviews the aspect of community based natural resource management approaches, the adoption of environmental conservation (soil and water conservation) technologies and extent and use of farmer innovations within the Mount Kenya region.

Three surveys including 550 Landcare and related groups, and nearly 1,000 primary producers were conducted in April/May 2012 by the National Landcare Facilitator. The surveys were aimed at gauging the health of the Landcare movement, in particular Landcare and related groups, and the attitude of farmers towards Landcare.

Farming has been a major contributor to biodiversity, thanks to centuries of diverse farming traditions which has resulted in the development of an intricate patchwork of semi-natural habitats across the landscape. This has, in turn, attracted a wide range of species of fauna and flora.

The East African Landcare Masterclass was considered a strategic activity by both Landcare International and the African Landcare Network.

Rural land degradation has never enjoyed the status, attention and emotive appeal of other environmental issues. Next to rainforest destruction, reef development and koala disease, the problems of soil erosion, salinity and acidification simply haven’t been ‘sexy’ enough to capture the public or political consciousness.

For 25 years the Australian Landcare program has encouraged rural land managers to work cooperatively to resolve natural resource management issues across the nation.

The name ‘Landcare’ originated in the south-eastern mainland state of Victoria, where soil conservation programs were strong and a major salinity control initiative had begun in 1983-84 in affected regions.

Landcare has come of age in many parts of Africa; it is engaged in defining the appropriate tools, methods and “social infrastructure” for enabling Integrated Natural Resource Management (INRM) that works.

The Masterclass was timed to coincide with an International Landcare Conference, which featured pre-conference tours to a number of relevant field sites, followed by presentations from a wide range of local and international speakers.

Ethiopian agricultural economy is under continuous threat from various forms of land degradation. Soil erosion by water is the most important and poses a threat to food security and development prospects. Loss of arable land due to soil erosion is a widespread phenomenon in the highlands.

The combination of increasingly globalizing agricultural markets, rapidly modernizing local value chains, and urbanizing distribution channels presents African smallholders with considerably more complex challenges than those faced by Asian producers during the Green Revolution era.

Landcare has emerged as a global movement, and can be found in countries throughout the world including Australia, New Zealand, Germany, Iceland, the Philippines, the United States of America, South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda.

Tanzania joined the East Africa Landcare family in mid 2005 through capacity building, seminars and trainings in South Africa, Australia and Uganda.

Internationally, an increasing number of countries are adopting Landcare. Thus it is timely to examine the lessons that can be learnt from these experiences regarding strategies for effective and rapid development of national Landcare programmes. This paper identifies strategies and tools likely to be valuable to help new countries develop and adopt their own appropriate Landcare framework.

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